Thinning is best described as the selective removal of inferior stems in order to favour the growth of the remainder better quality stems. It is a normal and essential part of most forest crop rotations, and is essential if crops are to produce the maximum number of high value logs and consequently increase profitability. Thinning is generally undertaken 2 to 5 times over a forest rotation depending on the productivity of the crop. A felling license is required for any thinning.
SWS Forestry Thinning Process
- Site inspection
An initial site inspection using drones and ground surveys will be conducted. Inspection paths are essential to carry out a professional assessment for thinning purposes. Assessment will include quality, stability, quantity, stocking etc. A harvesting plan and time line, that will ensure your site is thinned to best forestry practice, will be put in place.
- Felling License Application
It is a legal requirement to secure a felling license before any felling of trees can take place. SWS Forestry will apply for the felling license on your behalf and submit a detailed harvest and replanting plan as required by the Forest Service.
- Road grant Applications and construction
Once a site inspection is conducted and a felling license has been applied for, an application can be sent to the forest service in order to obtain grant aid to construct a road. Once approval has been obtained SWS Forestry will construct the forest road in your plantation. SWS Forestry has extensive experience in forest road construction.
- Draw up a harvesting plan
SWS Forestry will draw up a harvesting plan unique to your plantation. SWS Forestry will map the land selected for thinning, outline any environmental / archaeological concerns, and the potential hazards associated with the property. SWS Forestry will present a harvest plan by using maps accompanied by a description of all relevant information.
SWS Forestry’s harvest plan will address the following:
- Legal requirements – eg felling license conditions
- The felling parameters such as intended volume for removal, tree sizes/stocking etc. and the chosen thinning cycle.
- Timing/weather constraints on operational schedule
- The need for ancillary structures eg brash paths, tracks for use, silt traps etc
- Replanting Plan
- Site Hazard and Risk Assessment
SWS Forestry, as part of the harvest planning process will carry out a site hazard and risk assessment inspection. Findings of these assessments are recorded on the harvest plan and potential hazards would include:
- ESB/Gas lines
- Steep banks
- Roadside harvesting
All operations will be carried out to minimize risk of accidents and environmental damage.
- Thinning Monitoring/Control
SWS Forestry will conduct regular visits to your site to ensure:
- No over thinning is taking place so as to reduce the risk of wind throw.
- That urea is being applied to stumps of trees immediately after cutting (this is a legal requirement)
- Environmental considerations are being adhered to e.g. brash mats in place for forwarder to move around site with minimal site damage; silt traps in operations on drains so as to avoid sedimentation entering watercourses.
- Timber Removal Control
SWS Forestry will control the amount of timber removed from the site. From site inspection stage timber measurements would have been recorded and stocking rates would be recorded, from this SWS Forestry can conduct post thinning measurements to establish the volume of timber removed. A docket system will be put in place in order to control and keep record of the volume of timber being removed.
- Post Thinning Report
SWS Forestry will conduct a post thinning report which will outline
• Repair work required eg drains, roads etc
• Timber removal summary and totals
• Site report and second thinning recommendations
- Marketing of timber
SWS Forestry will market and get the best price possible for your timber. Timber will be assorted into the following:
- Pulp Wood
- SWS Forestry Thinning Packages
SWS Forestry can organise a thinning package that suits you, the main packages on offer are:
- SWS Forestry will purchase your timber from you at top market rates
• Consultancy Fee Package; SWS Forestry will agree a fee for the different elements outline above and as requested by the land owner e.g. felling license application, road application etc.
SWS Forestry has an in-house team of ecologists who are qualified and experienced to carry out environmental assessments on mature plantations.
Click here to view our Ecology Services.